Prebiotics vs Probiotics?

What’s the difference between Prebiotics and Probiotics?


What is the difference between Prebiotics and Probiotics?

Welcome to Aguulp. Home to gut supplements that improve your health and happiness. In this article, we explain the difference between the two, and what foods are great to ensure you get the balance right in your diet.

OK. It’s about time we settled this age-old question, right?

Let’s talk gut bacteria

The human body contains trillions of good bacteria which have a variety of key roles. These live in the largest levels in the digestive system but are also found in the urinary & reproductive systems and in the skin. Let’s remind ourselves of their key roles:

  • Supporting health of the immune system.
  • Controlling levels of pathogens (e.g. bad bacteria & yeasts).
  • Synthesising certain vitamins (e.g. vitamin K and some B vitamins).
  • Supporting levels of certain chemical messengers linked to nervous system function (e.g.
    much of the serotonin in the body originates in the gut).
  • Supporting the breakdown of certain types of carbohydrates and fibres in the food we eat. This results in the production of short chain fa*y acids such as butyrate. Butyrate has anti-inflammatory effects particularly in the digestive system but also elsewhere in the body,
    promotes the release of the hormone leptin (linked to suppressing appetite) and can be used as an energy source for good bacteria (further supporting levels of good bacteria).

What are Prebiotics?

In short: food source for good bacteria.

Prebiotics are compounds found in food that help to promote the beneficial bacteria colonies that already reside in the gut. In other words, it is food for our gut microbes.

  1. Prebiotics are types of carbohydrate & fibre which are indigestible in the small intestine. This means they cannot be broken by the digestive enzymes linked to carbohydrate digestion and so cannot be converted into glucose.
  2. Instead they pass into the large intestine where they are broken down and fermented by hundreds of different strains of good bacteria.
  3. This helps support the levels of all of these types of good bacteria and so provides the potential benefits listed above.
  4. There are 3 types of prebiotics: soluble fibre, oligosaccharides (chains of sugars which cannot be split by digestion in the small intestine) and resistant starch (this is provided in high levels in uncooked starchy foods such as grains and potatoes).

What foods contain Prebiotics?

  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Asparagus (it will retain most of its prebiotic content when cooked al dente)
  • Oats
  • Chicory root
  • Apples
  • Bananas (the less ripe, the higher the prebiotic content!)
  • Jerusalem artichokes


What are Probiotics?

In short: external supply of certain types of good bacteria.

Explained: Probiotics are live bacteria that are introduced to the body for their beneficial qualities. Whilst you can use food-form probiotics too for their ability to populate the communities of good bacteria within the digestive tract, Probiotics can be taken in supplemental form, such as Aguulp Probiotic Supplement.

  1. These provide an external supply of certain types of good bacteria, those parcularly associated with certain specific health benefits and also which are considered major strains of good bacteria in the body.
  2. They therefore only directly support the levels of the particular types of good bacteria they provide.#
  3. However, they may help indirectly support the levels of good bacteria as a whole due to supporting butyrate production (remember, this acts as an energy source for many types of good bacteria).

What foods contain Probiotics?

  • Kefir – the bacteria in milk kefir can pre-digest the lactose content, making it much easier to digest if you are lactose intolerant. You can also experiment with water kefir, as an alternative.
  • Live yoghurt – always check the labelling of yoghurt brands to see if they add ‘live cultures’ to their ingredients lists, to ensure you are reaping some beneficial gut bugs.
  • Kimchi – a Korean dish of spicy pickled cabbage that packs a nice flavour punch.
  • Sauerkraut – a German dish of chopped pickled cabbage, which is a less spicy alternative to kimchi.
  • Kombucha – this is a great swap from a high sugar fizzy drink. Kombucha is a drink produced by fermenting sweet tea with a culture of yeast and bacteria. The small amount of sugar that is added to kombucha for fermentation processes gets broken down, resulting in a low sugar drink full of friendly microbes and organic acids.
Ready to take full control of your Gut Health?

Aguulp for Gut and Daily Symbiotic Monthly Subscription

Gut Supplement & Probiotic Dual Pack

Take full control of your gut health with our superior Prebiotic & Probiotic Supplement pack. This gut health supplement pack will help to:

1 > Use the Prebiotics to help stimulate the growth of your good gut bacteria

2 > Use the Probiotics (live bacteria) as a great source of food for your gut.

Taken together ensure you have the optimal opportunity to improve your gut health, and therefore your overall health and wellbeing.

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